当前位置:考试网  > 试卷库  > 外语类  > 大学英语  > 大学英语四级  > 2019年12月大学英语四级考试模拟试题及答案(二)
2019年12月大学英语四级考试模拟试题及答案(二)
推荐等级:
时间:2020-06-16
关注人数:0
收藏
试卷分类:大学英语四级
试卷总分:12分
答题时间:60分钟
试卷类型:模拟考题
练习次数:0次
试题题量:12
考试模拟
练习模式
下载试卷
试卷预览

PartIReadingComprehension

Passage1

Questions1to5arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

InWashingtonD.C.,1600PennsylvaniaAvenueisaveryspecialaddress.ItistheaddressoftheWhiteHouse,thehomeofthepresidentoftheUnitedStates.

OriginallytheWhiteHousewasgrayandwascalledthePresidentialPalace.Itwasbuiltfrom1792to1800.atthistime,thecityofWashingtonitselfwasbeingbuilt;itwastobethenation’snewcapitalcity.GeorgeWashington,thefirstpresident,andPierreCharlesL’Enfant,aFrenchengineer,chosetheplaceforthenewcity.L’Enfantthenplannedtheycity.Thepresident’shomewasanimportantpartoftheplan.

Acontestwasheldtopickadesignforthepresident’shome.AnarchitectnamedJamesHobanwon.Hedesignedalargethree-storyhouseofgraystone.

PresidentWashingtonneverlivedinthePresidentPalace.ThefirstpresidenttolivetherewasJohnAdams,thesecondpresidentoftheUnitedStates,andhiswifeMrs.Adamsdidnotreallylikehewnewhouse.Inherletters,sheoftencomplainedaboutthecold.Fiftyfireplaceswerenotenoughtokeepthehousewarm!

In1812theUnitedStatesandBritainwenttowar.In1814theBritishinvadedWashington.Theuburnedmanybuildings,includingthePresidentialPalace.

AfterthewarJamesHoban,theoriginalarchitect,partiallyrebuiltthepresident’shomes.Tocoverthemarksofthefire,thebuildingwaspaintedwhite.BeforelongitbecameknownastheWhiteHouse.

TheWhiteHouseisoneofthemostpopulartouristattractionsintheUnitedStates.Everyyearmorethan1.5millionvisitorsgothroughthefiveroomsthatareopentothepublic.

1.TheWhiteHousewasbuiltinWashington.

A.becauseaFrenchengineerwasinvitedtodesignit

B.becausePresidentGeorgeWashingtonlikedtoliveinit

C.becausetheBritishinvaderslivedinitin1812-1814

D.becauseitwastobethenation’scapitalcity

2.ThePresidentialPalacewas.

A.paintedgrayandwhiteB.madeofgraystone

C.madeofwhitestoneD.madeverywarminwinter

3.Thepresident’shomeandthecityofWashingtonwere.

A.builtbytheAmericanarmyB.builtbytheBritishtroops

C.plannedbyGeorgeWashingtonD.plannedbytheFrench

4.Theoriginalhomeofthepresidentneededtoberebuilt.

A.becauseJohnAdam’swifedidnotlikeit

B.becauseitwascoldinwinterevenwith50fireplaces

C.becauseithadburneddownduringthewar

D.becauseGeorgeWashingtonwasnotwillingtoliveinit

5.Thenewpresidentialhomewaspaintedwhiteto.

A.coverthemarksoffireB.attracttouristfromFrance

C.topleaseMrs.JohnAdamsD.keepitwarminwinter

Passage2

Questions6to10arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

Therearetwokindsofmemory:shot-termandlong-term.Informationinlong-termmemorycanberememberedatalatertimewhenitisneeded.Theinformationmaybekeptfordaysorweeks.However,informationoverandover.Thefollowingexperimentshowshowshort-termmemoryhasbeenstudied.

HenningstudiedhowstudentswhoarelearningEnglishasasecondlanguageremembervocabulary.Thesubjectsinhisexperimentwere75collegestudents.TheyrepresentedalllevelsofabilityinEnglish:beginning,intermediate,andnative-speakingstudents.

Tobegin,thesubjectslistenedtoarecordingofanativespeakerreadingaparagraphinEnglish.Followingtherecording,thesubjectstooka15-questiontesttoseewhichwordstheyremembered,eachquestionhadfourchoices.Thesubjectshadtocirclethewordtheyhadheardintherecording.Someofthequestionshadfourchoicesthatsoundalike.Forexample,weather,whether,wither,andwetterarefourwordsthatsoundalike.Someofthequestionshadfourchoicesthathavethesamemeaning.Method,way,manner,andsystemwouldbefourwordswiththesamemeaning.Finallythesubjectstookalanguageproficiencytest.

HenningfoundthatstudentswithalowerproficiencyinEnglishmademoreoftheirmistakesonwordsthatsoundalike;studentswithahigherproficiencymademoreoftheirmistakesonwordsthathavethesamemeaning.Henning’sresultssuggestthatbeginningstudentsholdthesoundofwordsintheirshort-termmemory,andadvancedstudentsholdthemeaningofwordsintheirshort-termmemory.

6.Henningmadetheexperimentinordertostudy.

A.howstudentsrememberEnglishvocabularybyshort-termmemory

B.howstudentslearnEnglishvocabulary

C.howtodevelopstudents’abilityinEnglish

D.howlonginformationinshort-termmemoryiskept

7.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEaccordingtothepassage?

A.Informationinshort-termmemoryisdifferentfromthatinlong-termmemory.

B.Long-termmemorycanbeachievedonlybytraining.

C.Itiseasiertotestshort-termmemorythanlong-termmemory.

D.Henninggaveaseparatetestonvocabularytohisstudents.

8.FromHenning’sresultwecanseethat.

A.beginnershavedifficultydistinguishingthepronunciationofwords

B.advancedstudentsrememberwordsbytheirmeaning

C.itisdifficulttorememberwordsthatsoundalike

D.itisdifficulttorememberwordsthathavethesamemeaning

9.Theword“subjects”inthepassagemeans.

A.memoryB.thethemeoflisteningmaterial

C.abranchofknowledgestudiedD.thestudentsexperimentedon

Passage3

Questions11to15arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

Thecowboyistheheroofmanymovies,.Heis,eventoday,asymbolofcourageandadventure.Butwhatwasthelifeofthecowboyreallylike?

Thecowboy’sjobisclearfromthewordcowboy.Cowboyweremenwhotookcareofcowsandothercattle.ThecattlewereintheWestandinTexas.PeopleinthecitiesoftheEastwantedbeefthesecattle.Trainscouldtakethecattleeast.Butfirstthecattlehadtogettothetrains.Partofthecowboy’sjobwastotakethecattlehundredsofmilestotherailroadtown.Thetripswerecalledcattledrivers.Acattledriveusuallytookseveralmonths.Cowboysrodeforsixteenhoursaday.Becausetheyrodesomuch,eachcowboybroughtalongabouteighthorses.Acowboychangedhorsesseveraltimeseachday.

Thecowboyshadtomakesurethatcattlearrivedsafely.Beforestartingonadrive,thecowboysbrandedthecattle.Theyburnedamarkonthecattletoshowwhotheybelongedto.Butthesemarksdidn’tstoprustlers,orcattlethieves.Cowboyshadtoprotectthecattlefromrustlers.Rustlersmadethedangeroustripevenmoredangerous.

Eventhoughtheirworkwasverydifficultanddangerous,cowboysdidnotearnmuchmoney.Theywerepaidbadly.Yetcowboyslikedtheirwayoflife.Theylivedinawildandopencountry.Theylivedalifeofadventureandfreedom.

11.Acowboyisasymbolof.

A.courageandadventureB.ahardlifeandbigpay

C.moviesinthepastD.cowsandothercattle

12.Thecowboys’jobwas.

A.tobeaheroinreallifeB.tobeaheroofthemovie

C.totakecareofcattleD.tobeadangerousrustler

13.Duringacattledriver,cowboystookagroupofcowsfromawildandopencountryto.

A.theWeststatesandTexasB.thecitiesoftheEastStates

C.thepeoplewhoeatbeefincitiesD.therailroadtownshundredmilesaway

14.Ontheirwayofcattledrivers,thecowboysprotectedthecattleby.

A.burningamarkontheircowsB.keepinganeyeoncattlethieves

C.makingthetripmoredangerousD.lookingaftereightcowseachperson

15.Cowboysenjoyedthemselvesbecause.

A.theylikedtheirwayoflifeB.theymadealotofmoney

C.theyhadavarydifficultjobD.theywereheroesinmovies

Passage4

Questions16to20arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

Successfulinnovationshavedrivenmanyoldertechnologiestoextinctionandhaveresultedinhigherproductivity,greaterconsumptionofenergy,increaseddemandofrawmaterials,acceleratedflowofmaterialsthroughtheeconomyandincreasedquantitiesofmetalsandothersubstancesinuseeachperson.Thehistoryofindustrialdevelopmentaboundswithexamples.

In1870,horsesandmulesweretheprimesourceofpoweronU.S.farms.Onehorseormulewasrequiredtosupportfourhumanbeingsaratiothatremainedalmostconstantformanydecades.Atthattime,hadanationalcommissionbeenaskedtoforecastthepopulationfor1970,itsanswerprobablywouldhavedependedonwhetheritsconsultantswereofaneconomicortechnologicalturnofmind.Hadtheybeen“economists”,theywouldprobablyhaveprojectedthe1970horsesormulepopulationtobemorethan50million.Hadtheybeen“technologists”,theywouldhaverecognizedthatthepowerofsteamhadalreadybeenharnessedtoindustryandtolearnandoceantransport.Theywouldhaverecognizedfurtherthatitwouldbetheprimesourceofpoweronthefarm.Itwouldhavebeendifficultforthemtoavoidtheconclusionthatthehorseandmulepopulationwoulddeclinerapidly.

16.Accordingtothepassage,whatsuppliedmostofthepoweronU.S.farmsin1870?

A.AnimalsB.HumansC.EnginesD.Water

17.WhichofthefollowingisNOTmentionedbytheauthorasaconsequenceofnewtechnologicaldevelopments?

A.Oldertechnologiesdieaway.

B.ThequalityoflifeisImproved.

C.Overallproductivityincrease.

D.Morerawmaterialsbecomenecessary.

18.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethatby1870.

A.technologybegantobemoreeconomical

B.thesteamenginehadbeeninvented

C.theU.S.horsepopulationwasabout10million

D.anationalcommissionwasabout10million

19.Inthesecondparagraph,theauthorsuggeststhat“economists”would.

A.plantheeconomythroughyearlyforecasts

B.failtoconsidertheinfluenceoftechnologicalinnovation

C.valuetheeconomiccontributionoffarmanimals

D.consultthenationalcommissionontheeconomy

20.Whatistheauthor’sattitudetowardchangesbroughtonbytechnologicalinnovations?

A.Heisexcitedaboutthem.

B.Heacceptthemasnatural.

C.Heisdisturbedbythem.

D.Hequestionstheirusefulness.

PartIIVocabularyandStructure

Directions:Inthisparttherearefortyincompletesentences.Eachsentenceisfollowedbyfourchoices.ChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceandthenmarkyouranswerontheAnswerSheet.

21.thedifficultiesassociatedwiththeproject,we’llgoonwithit.

A.GivenB.InspiteofC.ThanktoD.Becauseof

22.Itwasalmostdarkinthestreetsafewverypowerfulspotlights.

A.excludingB.butforC.exceptD.exceptfor

23.today,hewouldgettherebyFriday.

A.WouldheleaveB.Ifheleaves

C.WasheleavingD.Werehetoleave

24.Hegavemesomeveryadviceonbuyingahouse.

A.preciousB.expensiveC.wealthyD.dear

25.Hisgoalisnottobecomeasportsman,achampioninacertainfield.

A.butratherbecameB.butrathertobecome

C.butratherbecomingD.butrathertobecoming

26.Ijustmetheronthewayhomefromthebookstore.

A.onpurposeB.byaccidentC.inaccidentD.incase

27.Idon’tknowabouthim,commentonhimbehindhisback.

A.letaloneB.letgoC.leavealoneD.takeleave

28.Mytransistorradioisoutoforder.It.

A.needtoberepairedB.needrepairing

C.needsrepairingD.needstorepair

29.Noonecouldtellusanythingaboutthestranger.

A.consciousB.mysteriousC.seriousD.previous

30.Maryallfoolishcommentsandkeptonworking.

A.excludedB.ignoredC.deniedD.discharged

31.Iagreewithhim,butnotentirely.

A.untilacertainpointB.tosomepoint

C.tosomeextentD.untilacertainextent

32.Peopleinsomepartsoftheworldoftentaketheirwaterfor.theyuseasmuchwaterastheywish.

A.grantedB.sureC.certainD.pleasure

33.Color-blindpeopleoftenfinditdifficulttobetweenblueandgreen.

A.separateB.compareC.contrastD.distinguish

34.Thousandsofpeopleonthecitytowelcomethevisitingguests.

A.turnedoffB.turnedupC.turnedoutD.turnedover

35.Themountainplaceisbeautiful,buttheworkingconditions,it’sterrible.

A.whenmentionedB.whenitcomesto

C.whenitissaidD.whenitdiesto

36.Areyouspendingmoremoneyonthespaceprogram?

A.infavorofB.byfavorofC.infavortoD.outoffavor

37.Intheofmyparents,standardsofeducationinthepublicschoolareactuallyfalling.

A.ideaB.thoughtC.opinionD.principle

38.fromspace,ourearth,withwatercovering70%ofitssurface,appearsasa“blueplanet”.

A.SeeingB.TobeseenC.SeenD.havingseen

39.Thisyear’stotaloutputvalueofindustryandagriculturewillincrease5percentoverlastyears.

A.byB.toC.ofD.with

40.Maryisthetopstudentintheclass.Shestudiesharder.

A.thananystudentB.thanallthestudents

C.thananyotherstudentD.thansomeotherstudent

41.Manypeoplehaveappliedfortheposition.

A.emptyB.bareC.vacantD.blank

42.Mynewshoescostme50yuan(RMB).ThepricewasthatthelastpairIboughtamonthago.

A.twotimemorethanB.twiceasmuchas

C.astwiceD.asmuchastwice

43.Almosteveryonefailedonthefirstday.

A.passhisdriver’stestB.tohavepassedhisdriver’stest

C.topasshisdriver’stestD.passinghisdriver’stest

44.Overthetraditionalfestivalpeoplevisiteachotherandgreetings.

A.exchangeB.wishC.congratulateD.present

45.Itwasbecausehewastiredoutthathefellasleepstandingup.

A.publiclyB.openlyC.speciallyD.obviously

46.Theyoungmanwasaccusedoftheladyofhermoney.

A.stealingB.robbingC.takingD.grasping

47.NomatterwhereourPartyneedsus,wewillhercall.

A.giveanswerforB.respondto

C.haveresponsetoD.answerto

48.Itisastonishingthatapersonofyourintelligencebecheatedsoeasily.

A.couldB.shouldC.mightD.would

49.Wewerecompletelywhenwefinallyreachedthedestination.

A.wornoffB.worndownC.wornoutD.wornaway

50.Manythingsimpossibleinthepastarecommontoday.

A.consideredB.toconsiderC.consideringD.tobeconsidered

51.Notuntilmanyyearslaterknown.

A.wasthewholetruthbecomeB.didthewholetruthbecome

C.thewholetruthbecameD.thewholetruthhadbecame

52.Wedidn’tknowhistelephonenumber,otherwisewehim.

A.wouldtelephoneB.wouldhavetelephoned

C.hadtelephonedD.musthavetelephoned

53.Thereisnopointwithhim,sincehehasalreadymadeuphismind.

A.argueB.toargueC.inarguingD.ofarguing

54.Iappreciatethatletterforme.

A.youtowriteB.yourwritingC.youwriteD.thatyouwriting

55.I’dliketoaspecialseatfortheconnectofMay5.

A.serveB.reserveC.preserveD.conserve

56.thatsoniswellagain,younolongerhaveanythingtoworryabout.

A.SinceB.NowC.WhenD.After

57.Generallyspeaking,allkindsofmaterialswillexpandwhenheatedbutwillwhencooled.

A.contrastB.contractC.surviveD.return

58.Youwon’tknowifitfitsyouuntilyouiton.

A.willtryB.aretryingC.aretotryD.havetried

59.Afteralleffortsinvain,hehadtoaccepttheresult.

A.regularlyB.shallowlyC.physicallyD.painfully

60.Therestofhislifeistothecauseofinternationalexchangesofvisitingscholars.

A.addedB.putC.savedD.committed

热门试卷 更多>
试卷分类: 助听器验配师
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 民航职业技能鉴定
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 民航职业技能鉴定
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 民航职业技能鉴定
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 事业单位联考
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 其他类
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 其他类
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 海船船员考试
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 大学英语四级
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 社区工作人员
练习次数:0次
其他考生还关注了 更多>
试卷分类: 大学英语四级
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 大学英语四级
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 大学英语四级
练习次数:0次
试卷分类: 大学英语四级
练习次数:0次