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2019年12月大学英语四级考试模拟试题及答案(一)
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时间:2020-06-16
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试卷分类:大学英语四级
试卷总分:12分
答题时间:60分钟
试卷类型:模拟考题
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试题题量:12
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Passage1

Questions1to5arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

DoyouwanttosaywhatyouthinkinalettertothePresidentoftheUnitedStates?You’llgetareplyfromhim—writteninink,nottyped—afteronlyafewdays.

ThePresidentgetsabout4,000letterseveryweek.HeanswerseveryonewhowritestohimonspecialWhitesHousepaper.Buthedoesn’tneedalotoftimeforit.Infact,heonlygives20minutesaweektolookathispersonalcorrespondence.Hehasthemostmodernsecretaryintheworldtohelphim.

It’scomputer,worth£800,000,whichhasitsownroomsonthefirstflooroftheWhiteHouse.IthasabankofelectronicpenswhichwritelikethePresidentwrites,inhisfavoritelightblueink.EachletterthePresidentreceivesgetsanumber,accordingtothetypeofansweritneeds.Thepensthenwritethecorrectreplyforit,accordingtothenumber.Eachlettertakeslessthanasecondtowrite.AWhiteHouseofficialsaid,“It’snotimportantthatletterscomefromacomputer.EachlettersayswhatthePresidentwantstosay.”

1.forareplyfromthePresident.

A.YouhavetowaitalongtimeB.Youonlyhavetowaitseveraldays

C.YouhavetowaitatleastonemonthD.Youonlyhavetowaitafewweeks

2.ThereplyfromthePresident.

A.isalwaysprintedB.isalwaystyped

C.isalwayswrittenininkD.isalwayswrittenbyhimself

3.Ittakesthecomputertowritetenletters.

A.nomorethantensecondsB.alittlemorethantenseconds

C.lessthantensecondsD.atleastonesecond

4.Thecomputercanbedescribedas.

A.expensivebutefficientB.possessingabeautifulhandwriting

C.heavyandinefficientD.thePresident’smostreliablesecretary

5.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat.

A.thePresidentneverreadsanyletterswrittentohimbyordinarypeople

B.thePresidenthiresaveryefficientsecretarytodealwithhiscorrespondence

C.thePresidentdoesnotreallycareaboutthelettershereceiveseveryweek

D.thePresidentisassuredthatthecomputerexpresshisviewsintheletters

Passage2

Questions6to10arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

Inordertolearntobeone’strueself,itisnecessarytoobtainawideandextensiveknowledgeofwhathasbeensaidanddoneintheworld;criticallytoinquireintoit;carefullytoconsiderit;clearlytoanalyzeit;andearnestlytocarryitout.

Itmattersnotwhatyoulearn,butwhenyouoncelearnathing,youmustnevergiveitupuntilyouhavemasteredit.Itmattersnotwhatyouinquireinto,butwhenyouonceinquireintoathing,youmustnevergiveitupuntilyouhavethoroughlyunderstoodit.Itmattersnotwhatyoutrytothinkout,butwhenyouoncetrytothinkoutathing,youmustnevergiveitupuntilyouhavegotwhatyouwant.Itmattersnotwhatyoutrytocarryout,butwhenyouoncecarryoutathing,youmustnevergiveitupuntilyouhavedon’titthoroughlyandwell.

Ifanothermansucceedsbyoneeffort,youwilluseahundredefforts.Ifanothermansucceedsbytenefforts,youwilluseathousand.

6.Accordingtotheauthor,firstofallonemust.

A.analyzeB.inquireC.obtainknowledgeD.act

7.Accordingtotheauthor,.

A.learningisnotimportantB.thinkingisnotnecessary

C.knowledgemeanslittleD.itisnotimportantwhatwelearn

8.Theendoflearningshouldbe.

A.thoughtB.masteryC.inquiryD.analysis

9.Accordingtotheauthor,anotherman’ssuccessshould.

A.makegreatereffortsB.makeusnervous

C.notbetakenintoconsiderationD.causeonetostoptrying

10.Theauthorimpliesbutdoesnotsaywhat.

A.thewaytoknowledgeisthroughspecialization

B.onehastoknoweverythingtobesuccessful

C.successdependsnotsomuchonnaturalabilityasitdoesoneffort

D.successinone’sprofessionislatestimportantinone’slife

Passage3

Questions11to15arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

About70millionAmericansaretryingtolossweight.Thatisalmost1outofevery3peopleintheUnitedStates.Somepeoplegoonideas.Thismeanstheyeatlesscertainfoods,especiallyfatsandsugars.Otherpeopleexercisewithespecialequipment,takedietpills,orevenhavesurgery.Losingweightishardwork,anditcanalsocostalotofmoney.SowhydosomanypeopleintheUnitedStateswanttoloseweight?

ManypeopleintheUnitedStatesworryaboutnotlookingyoungandattractive.Formanypeople,lookinggoodalsomeansbeingthin.Otherpeopleworryabouttheirhealth.Manydoctorssaybeingoverweightisnothealthy.ButareAmericansreallyfat?Almost30millionAmericansweightatleast20percentmorethantheiridealweight.Infact,theUnitedStateisthemostoverweightcountryinthewild.“ThestoredfatofadultAmericansweight2.3trillionpounds,”saysUniversityofMassachusettsanthropologist(人类学家)GeorgeArmelagos.Hesaysburningoffthatstoredenergywouldproduceenoughpowerfor900,000carstogo12,000miles.

Losingweightishardwork,butmostpeoplewanttofindafastandeasywaytotakeofffat.Bookstoresselllotsofdietbooks.Thesebookstellreadershowtoloseweight.Eachyear,dozensofnewbookslikethesearewritten.Eachoneboaststohelppeopletogetridoffat.

11.WhichofthefollowingisNOTmentionedasawayoflosingweight?

A.Toeatlessfatsandsugars.B.Toworkhard.

12.ManyAmericansaretryingtoloseweightbecause.

A.theywanttolookattractiveB.theyaremisledbydoctors

C.theywanttokeepfitD.bothAandC

13.Thefiguresgiveninthesecondparagraphsuggestthat.

A.AmericansaredependentoncarsB.carsconsumealotofmoney

C.AmericansneedloseweightD.excessoffatcanbeasourceofenergy

14.Itcanbeinferredfromthelastparagraphthat.

A.dietbooksarenotalwayseffectiveB.dietbooksareusuallyhelpful

C.therearelotsofwaysoflosingweightD.bookstoresarekeepingtheirpromises

15.Itcanbeconcludedfromthepassagethat.

A.peoplethinktoomuchoftheirappearance

B.thereisnotasurewayoflosingweightasyet

C.surgeryisthefastestwayoflosingweight

D.goingondietisasafewayoflosingweight

Passage4

Questions16to20arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

IrecentlywroteanautobiographyinwhichIrecalledmanyoldmemories.Oneofthemwasfrommyschooldays,whenourninthgradeteacher,MissRaber,wouldpickoutwordsfromtheReader’sDigesttotestourvocabulary.

Today,morethan45yearslater,Ialwayscheckout“ItpaystoEnrichYourWordPower”firstwhentheDigestcomeseachmonth.Iamimpressedwiththatidea,wordpower.Reader’sDigestknowsthepowerthatwordshavetomovepeople—toentertain,inform,andinspire.TheDigesteditorsknowthatthebigwordisn’talwaysthebestword.Takejustoneexample,aQuotableQuoteformtheFebruary1985issue:”Timeisaplayfulthing.Itslipsquicklyanddrinksthedaylikeabowlofmilk.”

Nineteenwords,onlytwoofthemmorethanonesyllable,yethowmuchtheyconvey!That’susuallyhowitiswithReader’sDigest.Smallandsimplecanbeprofound.

AschairmanofafoundationtorestoretheStatueofLiberty,I’vebeenmakingalotofspeecheslately.Itrytokeepthemfairlyshort.Iusesmallbutvividwords:wordslike“hope”,“guts”,“faith”,“dreams”.ThosearewordsthatmovepeopleandsaysomuchaboutthespiritofAmerica.

Don’tgetmewrong.I’mnotagainstusingbigwords,whenitisrighttodoso,butIhavealsolearnedthatasmallwordcanworkasmallmiracle—ifit’srightword,intherightplace,attherighttime.It’sa“secret”thatIhopeneverforget.

16.Thepassageismainlyabout.

A.oneofthemanyoldmemories

B.usingsimplewordstoexpressprofoundideas

C.Reader’sDigestandschoolspeeches

D.howtomakeeffectivespeeches

17.ItseemsthatReader’sDigestisamagazinepopularwith.

A.peopleofallagesB.teenagersC.schoolteachersD.elderlyreaders

18.Theexampletheauthorgivesinthesecondparagraphmightmean.

A.onespendshisdayplayinganddrinking

B.don’twasteyourtimeasonedoes

C.timeslipseasilyifyoudon’tmakegooduseofit

D.timeisjustlikedrinkingmilkfromabowl

19.Theauthor’s“secret”is.

A.toavoidusingbigwordsatanytime

B.tousewordsthathavethepowertomovepeople

C.toworkamiraclebyusingasmallword

D.tousesmallandsimplewordswherepossible

20.Accoedingtotheauthor,well-chosenwordscangivepeople.

A.hope,courageandideas

B.confidence,determinationandstrength

C.pleasure,knowledgeandencourage

D.entertainment,informationandpower

Questions16to20arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

Peoplewithdisabilitiescomprisealargepartofthepopulation.Itisestimatedthatover35millionAmericanshavephysical,mental,orotherdisabilities.Abouthalfofthesedisabilitiesare“developmental”,i.e.,theyoccurpriortotheindividual’stwenty-secondbirthday,oftenformgeneticconditions,andaresevereenoughtoeffectthreeormoreareasofdevelopment,suchasmobility,communication,employment,etc.Mostotherdisabilitiesareconsidered“adventitious”,i.e.,accidentalorcausedbyoutsideforces.

Priortothe20thcentury,onlyasmallpercentageofpeoplewithdisabilitiessurvivedforlong.Medicaltreatmentforthesedisabilitieswasunavailable.Advancementsinmedicineandsocialserviceshavecreatedaclimateinwhichpeoplewithdisabilitiescanexperttohavesuchbasicneedsasfood,shelter,andmedicaltreatment.Unfortunately,thesebasicareoftennotavailable.Civillibertiessuchastherighttovote,marry,getaneducation,andagainemploymenthavehistoricallybeendeniedonthebasicofdisability.

Inrecentdecades,thedisabilityrightsmovementhasbeenorganizedtoflightagainsttheseinfringements(侵害)ofcivilrights.Congressrespondedbypassingmajorlegislationrecognizingpeoplewithdisabilitiesasprotectedclassundercivilrightsstatutes.

Stilltoday,peoplewithdisabilitiesmustfighttolivetheirlivesindependently.ItisestimatedthatmorethanhalfofqualifiedAmericanswithdisabilitiesareunemployed,andamajorityofthosewhodoworkareunderemployed.Abouttwo-thirdsliveatorbelowtheofficialpovertylevel.

Significantbarriers,especiallyintransportationandpublicawareness,preventdisabledpeoplefromtakingpartinsociety.Forexample,whilenolongerprohibitedbylawfrommarrying,apersonwithnoaccesstotransportationiseffectivelyexcludedfromcommunityandsocialactivitieswhichmightleadtothedevelopmentoflong-termrelationships.

Itwillonlybewhenpublicattitudesadvanceasfaraslawsarethatdisabledpeoplewillbefullyabletotaketotheirrightplaceinsociety.

16.”developmental”disability.

A.developsveryslowlyovertimeB.iscausedforces

C.occursinyouthandaffectsdevelopmentD.isgettingmoreandmoresevere

17.Mostdisabledpeopleusedtodieearlybecause.

A.disabilitiesdestroyedmajorbodilyfunctionsB.theywerenotverywelllookedafter

C.medicaltechniqueswerenotavailableD.theyweretoopoortogetpropertreatment

18.Intheauthor’sopinion,toenablethedisabledpeopletotaketheirrightfulplaceinsociety,.

A.morelawsshouldbepassedB.publicattitudesshouldbechanged

C.governmentshouldprovidemoreaidsD.morepublicfacilitiesshouldbeactup

19.Whichofthefollowingcannotbeinferredfromthepassage?

A.Manydisabledpeoplemayremainsinglefortheirwholelife.

B.Thepublictendstolookdownuponthedisabledpeople.

C.Thedisabledpeoplefeelinferiortothosesurroundingthem.

D.Discriminatory(有差别的)lawspreventthedisabledfrommixingwithothers.

20.Thebesttitleforthispassagemightbe.

A.HandicapsofPeoplewithDisabilitiesB.TheDifficultiesoftheDisabled

C.TheCausesforDisabilitiesD.MedicalTreatmentsforDisabilities

PartIIVocabularyandStructure(共40小题,每小题1分,共40分)

Directions:Inthisparttherearefortyincompletesentences.Eachsentenceisfollowedbyfourchoices.ChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceandthenmarkyouranswerontheAnswerSheet.

21.It’sstillearlyinthemorning.Thereisn’tintheoffice.

A.anyoneB.everyoneC.nobodyD.anypeople

22.isnotknownwhattheydiscussedinthemeeting.

A.ThatB.HeC.ThisD.It

23.Yhesadnewsbrokeherandshehasbeengloomyeversince.

A.feelingsB.emotionsC.mindD.heart

24.Heismuchofagentlemantofight.

A.soB.asC.veryD.too

25.Notuntilthistermtorealizehowimportantthissubjectistohisfuturecareerasadiplomat.

A.hebeganB.hahasbegunC.didhebeginD.thathahasbegun

26.whowouldliketogoonthetripshouldputtheirnamesonthelist.

A.ThoseB.TheseC.SomebodyD.Theones

27.Abottleweighslessafterairistakenout,provesthatairhasweight.

A.weB.itC.whichD.what

28.Howlong?

A.yousupposediditlastB.doyousupposeitlasted

C.didyousupposeitlastD.yousupposeitlasted

29.Smmithhadsometroubletheman’saccent.

A.tounderstandB.understandingC.forunderstandingD.withunderstanding

30.Thenextfewdayscouldbeforthepeacenegotiation.

A.maximumB.practicalC.criticalD.urgent

31.Hequitealotwhenhewasyoung.

A.usedtotravelB.usedtotravelingC.wasusedtotravelD.wouldusedtotravel

32.Youmeyourtelephonenumberincasesomeonewantstocontactyou.

A.hadbettergiveB.hadbettergivenC.hadbettertogiveD.hadbettergave

33.MaryusedtotheroomwithLinda.

A.separateB.divideC.holdD.share

34.—Mustwehandinourexercise-booksnow?

—No,you.

A.mustn’tB.don’tC.needn’tD.can’t

35.Shepulledawayfromthewindowanyoneshouldseethem.

A.lestB.eventhoughC.unlessD.onlyif

36.Notahasbeenfoundsofarthatcanhelpthepolicefindthecriminal.

A.factB.clueC.symbolD.sign

37.Shewouldmakeateacherfarsuperiortheaverage.

A.overB.thanC.beyondD.to

38.Radioisdifferentfromtelevisioninitsendsandreceivespictures.

A.whichB.thatC.whatD.this

39.Tomandjackhavereturnedbutstudentsofthegrouphaven’tcomebackyet.

A.otherB.theothersC.othersD.another

40.Ithalfayearsincewetostudyinthisuniversity.

A.is;comeB.is;havecome

C.hasbeen;cameD.hasbeen;havecome

41.Thefactthatsomethingischeapdoesn’tmeanitisoflowquality.

A.necessarilyB.especiallyC.essentiallyD.practically

42.Theysetoffbycarandthenearesttown.

A.madeforB.madeafterC.madeoutD.madeto

43.Takethisbaggageandyoucanfindenoughroom.

A.putitwhichB.putitinwhich

C.putitatwhereD.putitwherever

44.Hedoesn’twantthathe’sgoingaway.

A..tobeknownB.himtobeknown

C.thattobeknownD.ittobeknown

45.Thenoisearoundwasterrible,butIhadtoit.

A.keepawayfromB.keepupwithC.livewithD.liveon

46.Hethathisguestswerebored,althoughtheywerelisteningpolitely.

A.impressedB.sensedC.inferredD.identified

47.OnSundaysIpreferathometoout.

A.tosay;goB.stay;goingC.staying;goingD.staying;go

48.I’dliketowritetohim,butwhat’sthe?Heneverwritesback.

A.significanceB.businessC.pointD.purpose

49.Therewereopinionsastothebestlocationforthenewschool.

A.disagreeingB.conflictingC.rejectingD.reverting

50.bythenewsofhisfather’sdeath,hecouldhardlyutteraword.

A.TobestunnedB.StunnedC.TostunD.Stunning

51.,we’dbettermakesomechangesintheplan.

A.ThatisthecaseB.Thatbeenthecase

C.ThattobethecaseD.Thatbeingthecase

52.Theyhaveequippedtheofficewiththebusinessmachines.

A.lastB.latterC.latestD.later

53.ThepolicefoundthatGeorgehadstillanotherofincome.

A.originB.sourceC.basisD.means

54.Anopen-mindedteacherdoesn’talwaysonesingleteachingmethod.

A.setasideB.takeoverC.takeonD.stickto

55.Muchtothestudent’s,theexamwaspostponed.

A.burdenB.concernC.reliefD.requirement

56.Childrennormallyfeelalotofabouttheirfirstdayatschool.

A.anxietyB.differenceC.feelingsD.trouble

57.Theweatherwashotthatshedecidedtohavethebarberherhairstyle.

A.rather;tochangeB.so;change

C.muchtoo;changeD.too;changed

58.Shemeetherformerinstructoronthebus.

A.delightedtoB.happenedtoC.pleasedtoD.tendedto

59.Justasnotwowordsaretrulysynonymousnotwodifferentexpressionscanmeanexactlythesamething.

A.ratherB.alsoC.yetD.so

60.Thenewengineer’ssuggestionswereintherevisedplan.

A.entitledB.engagedC.embodiedD.estimated

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